King of the Grains
Wheat is the world’s most important grain crop, and
approximately 70% of all agricultural land is planted to wheat, more than any
other crop. For generations people have been sustained by this important food
staple. Wheat is grown on more land area than any other commercial crop
and is the most important staple food for humans. Twenty percent of global
calories come from wheat.
With demand for the crop expected to increase 40 percent
by 2030, Wimberly Farms' agricultural innovation is important in helping
enhance the productivity, sustainability and profitability of wheat for
Wheat is planted to a limited extent as a forage
crop for livestock, and its straw can be used as a construction material
for roofing thatch. The whole grain can be milled to leave just
the endosperm for white flour. The by-products of this
are bran and germ. The whole grain is a concentrated source
of vitamins, minerals, and protein, while the refined grain is
Technological advances in soil preparation and seed placement at planting time, use of crop rotation and fertilizers to improve plant growth, and advances in harvesting methods have all combined to promote wheat as a viable crop.
Wheat varieties available for 2016...
- Wheat is a member of the grass family that produces a
dry, one-seeded fruit commonly called a kernel.
- More than 17,000 years ago, humans gathered the
seeds of plants and ate them. After rubbing off the husks, early people simply
chewed the kernels raw, parched or simmered.
- Wheat originated in the “cradle of civilization” in the
Tigris and Euphrates river valley, near what is now Iraq.
- The Roman goddess, Ceres, who was deemed protector of the
grain, gave grains their common name today – “cereal.”
- Wheat was first planted in the United States in 1777 as a
- Wheat is the primary grain used in U.S. grain products —
approximately three-quarters of all U.S. grain products are made from
- Wheat is grown in 42 states in the United States.
- Six classes bring order to the thousands of varieties of
wheat. They are: hard red winter (HRW), hard red spring (HRS), soft red
winter (SRW), hard white (HW), soft white (SW) and durum.
- In the United States, one acre of wheat yields an average
of around 40 bushels of wheat.
- A bushel of wheat yields 42 one-and-a-half pound
commercial loaves of white bread OR about 90 one-pound loaves of whole wheat
- A bushel of wheat makes about forty-five 24-ounce boxes
of wheat flake cereal.
- A bushel of wheat makes about 42 pounds of pasta or 210
servings of spaghetti.
- Crackers main ingredient is unbleached flour from soft red or soft white wheat.